Meet Motala, a 50 year old elephant from Thailand who lost her front left leg in 1999 after stepping on a land mine left over from ongoing conflicts along the Thai-Myanmar border. When the accident occurred Motala was a working elephant who moved trees for a living. She was simply foraging for food in the forest when she stepped on the mine.
Although her owners tried to save poor Motala’s leg, the limb was so badly damaged that it eventually had to be amputated below the knee. It wasn’t until 2006 that she was able to receive her first artificial leg. It was only a temporary solution, but she successfully learned to walk on it. In 2009 Motala received her first permanent prosthesis, made for her at the Friends of the Asian Elephant (FAE) elephant hospital in the Mae Yao National Reserve in Thailand. Because prosthetic legs must be changed according to weight, Motala has been given other legs accordingly and received a new one last year, her third.
Roaring contest- red deer stag (Cervus elaphus)
The ability to keep roaring at a high rate is an honest signal of the male’s likely ability to win a fight because roaring itself is an exhausting signal. Only stags strong enough to fight long and hard will be strong enough to roar long and hard.
This diagram depicts the sequence of events in roaring contests between red deer stags. As the stags approach each other, they may challenge each other by roaring as an indication of fighting ability. The roaring contest may lead to one stag withdrawing or to “parallel walking”, which may or may not then lead to actual fighting. In this diagram, each line represents one encounter.
On guard… An anti-poaching team guards a northern white rhino, part of a 24-hour watch, at Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. This photograph will be displayed as part of the World Press Photo exhibition which opens on 9 November at the Royal Festival Hall, London
While fish have big eyes to help them find prey and keep track of each other up close, they rely on their chemosensory system to track other fish of the same species in the vastness of the ocean, says Dr Ashley Ward, a fish biologist at the University of Sydney.
"A fish can smell itself, and recognises others with the same smell," says Ward, who studies the social behaviour of fish.
Fish use smell to sniff out a partner with a strong immune system.
The smell of an individual fish is genetically programmed by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules, which are crucial to vertebrate animals’ immunity to disease.
"As a by-product, MHC affects the way we and other vertebrates smell," explains Ward.
"Even though all the fish in a school may look alike, when it comes to choosing a mate, picking one that smells different, that is, not related, will ensure the resulting offspring will have the best range of immune responses."
Pangolins are such an unfortunately obscure mammal.
I DIDN’T KNOW THEY WALKED ON THEIR BACK LEGS LIKE THAT OMG IT LOOKS LIKE IT’S UP TO SOMETHING
They sure do! It’s one of the best things about them! They’re BIPEDAL! Just super hunched over like creeping little weirdos.
“Eh heh heh heh heh heh!!!”
I didn’t know they walked on two legs, either! :O
Pangolins have just become 900% more awesome and hilarious to me.
I come from the city, but currently live in a rural location. I’ve never been surrounded by so much livestock; my neighbours’ chickens are beauties, I want to have my own some day.
submitted by: socalledbohemian